Dholaveera Kutch

https://travellindia24.blogspot.com/2019/03/dholaveera-kutch.html
hamaaree sabhyata kee oonchaee par, hamaare takaneekee vikaas, hamaaree saamaajik aur bhautik jatilata, sabhee sanket pragati kee or ishaara karate hain, ham aksar sochate hain. aur phir bhee, yah sab aisa nahin hai jaisa lagata hai aur ek baar yah hamaare bhavishy kee khoj karane ke lie ateet mein dekhane ke lie hota hai.

dholaaveera sindhu ghaatee sabhyata ya hadappa sanskrti ke do sabase ullekhaneey utkhananon mein se ek hai, jo 4500 saal pahale kee hai. jabaki doosaree sait lothal, adhik thaka hua aur aasaanee se pahunchane ke lie aasaan hai, lothal kee yaatra keval poorak ke bajaay, dhaulaaveera kee yaatra hai. yah sait aapako pradaan karatee hai, kachchh ke mahaan ran se ghire hone ke saath aane vaale gahan vaataavaran mein, duniya ke sabase puraane aur sabase achchhe niyojit jal sanrakshan pranaaliyon mein se ek ke saath agranee hadappa man mein ek adviteey antardrshti hai aur duniya ka kya ho sakata hai pahala sainabord, praacheen sindhu lipi mein likha gaya.

utkhanan sabhyata ke 7 charanon kee kahaanee bhee bataata hai, jisamen vikaas se lekar paripakvata tak ka kshay hota hai, jinamen se aakhiree itihaas ke ek ajeeb tukade par sanket karata hai, jisamen uttar se adhik prashn hote hain. sabhyata ke shikhar ke baad dholaaveera ko asthaayee roop se chhod diya gaya tha, jisake baad aisa lagata hai ki basane vaale ek spasht roop se dee-shahareekrt sanskrti ke saath laut aae. sanket hain ki unhonne svechchha se apane jeevan ko saral banaane ke lie chuna, bajaay isake ki ek baar gauravashaalee sabhyata ke patan kee savaaree karane ka prayaas kiya jae. yahaan, khandahar par, aapako yah sochane ka mauka milega ki pragati aur sabhyata ka kya matalab hai aur kya, agar kuchh bhee, vaastav mein sthaayee hai.

prshthabhoomi
dholaaveera, jise sthaaneey roop se kotada (jisaka arth hai bada kila) kaha jaata hai, khaadee ke uttar-pashchim kone mein ardh-shushk bhoomi ke 100 hekteyar kshetr mein phaila hai, jo kachchh ke mahaan ran mein dveepon mein se ek hai - jo baadh ke oopar rahata hai- un maheenon mein maidaanee ilaakon ke baakee ilaake doob jaate hain. dholaaveera mein do mausamee naale ya dhaaraen hain: uttar mein maanasar aur dakshin mein manahar. dholaaveera kee yaatra svayan sundar hai, jo aapako mahaan ran ke khaare registaan ke maidaanon mein le jaatee hai, jahaan aap chinkaara gazel, neelagaay (neela bail, eshiya ka sabase bada mrg), raajahans aur any pakshee jeevan jaise vany jeevan dekh sakate hain.

1967 mein bhaarateey puraatatv sarvekshan (eesaee) dvaara sait ka pata lagaaya gaya tha, lekin 1990 ke baad se hee vyavasthit roop se khudaee kee gaee hai. kalaakrtiyon mein teraakota ke bartan, motee, sone aur taambe ke gahane, muharen, machhalee ke huk, jaanavaron kee moortiyaan, upakaran, kalash aur shaamil hain. kuchh aayaatit jahaaj jo mesopotaamiya ke roop mein door ke saath bhoomi ke saath vyaapaar link ka sanket dete hain. yah bhee paaya gaya ki 10 bade patthar ke shilaalekh hain, jo sindhu ghaatee kee lipi mein khude hue hain, shaayad duniya ke sabase puraane sainabord. ye sindhu ghaatee sabhyata ke baare mein sabase mahatvapoorn khojon mein se ek hain, lekin taantrik roop se anirdisht hain.

kendr mein madhy aur nichale shahar ke saath, hare-sookhe eent aur patthar kee chinaee kee manabhaavan sanrachanaon ke saath banaaya gaya hai, aur ullekhaneey taun plaaning ke saath, kendr mein ek bhavy gadh dikhaaya gaya hai. achchhee tarah se gande paanee kee nikaasee ke lie ek bhoomigat bhoomigat jal nikaasee pranaalee ke saath, galiyon ko vyavasthit roop se baahar kee or le jaaya jaata hai. ek bada stediyam hai jisamen ek jatil sanrachana aur baithane kee vyavastha hai.

ant mein, dholaaveera mein duniya ke sabase puraane jal sanrakshan pranaaliyon mein se ek hai jisakee kabhee khudaee kee gaee thee. upagrah chitron mein ek jalaashay bhoomigat dikhaee deta hai, jo shahar kee deevaaron se phailee huee varsha jal sanchayan pranaalee hai, jisake bina bastee registaan kee viral varsha mein nahin panapatee.

dholaaveera bhaarat ke do sabase bade hadappa sthalon mein se ek hai, aur upamahaadveep mein 5 vaan sabase bada sthaan hai. lothal kee tarah, yah hadappa sanskrti ke sabhee charanon se lagabhag 2900 eesa poorv se 1500 eesa poorv tak guzara, jabaki adhikaansh any ne keval shuruaatee ya der ke charanon ko dekha.

khudaee mein 5 veen 7 veen charanon mein sabhyata kee giraavat dekhee gaee, jisake baad sait ke ek asthaayee registaan ke sanket the. sindh, dakshin raajasthaan aur gujaraat ke any hisson mein maujood sanskrtiyon se prabhaavit hokar basteevaasee baad mein der se hadappa ke charan mein laute, jo mittee ke bartanon mein prabhaavit the, lekin unhonne sabhyata kee vaapasee nahin kee. udaaharan ke lie, unake gharon ko pooree tarah se nae roop mein banaaya gaya tha jo ki golaakaar (bhoonja) tha, aur saamagree ke sanket hadataalee roop se vikhandit aur saral kie gae the. shaayad shaktishaalee sabhyata ka antim charan apane bhavishy ke baare mein jaagarook ho gaya tha, aur apane aap ko ek kramik ant ke lie taiyaar kar raha tha.

rochak tathy


vahaan kaise pahunchen
sadak maarg se: dholaaveera bhuj se 250 kimee door hai aur bhachaoo aur raapar ke raaste pahuncha jaata hai. bhuj se ek bas 14:00 baje nikalatee hai aur 20:30 baje dholaaveera pahunchatee hai. yah agalee subah 05:00 baje nikalata hai aur 11:30 baje tak bhuj laut jaata hai. vaahan kirae par lena bhee sambhav hai.

havaee maarg se: nikatatam havaee adda bhuj hai. is baat ko dhyaan mein rakhen ki ek on-sait gest haus ek din kee yaatra ke bajaay adhik itmeenaan se anubhav kee sambhaavana deta hai.

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