The Gir National Park



https://travellindia24.blogspot.com/2019/02/the-gir-national-park.html

The Gir National Park


ee aphreekee haina. kand ke lie jameen mein nihit jangalee sooar mittee ka vaatan pradaan karate hain. yadi aap kareeb se dekhate hain, to aapako paingolin, pel hejahogs, bhaarateey haars ya gre kastooree jaise chhote stanapaayee dikhaee de sakate hain. raital ya hanee baigar apane saamp-hatya ke kaaranaamon ke lie prasiddh hai, ise gineej buk oph varld rikords mein "sabase nidar jaanavar" ka khitaab diya gaya hai. geer mein ek aur saamp-hatyaaree surkh geng hai; ve saampon ke saath aam kret, rasel ke vaipar aur aaree-skel vaipar shaamil hain. kamaleshvar jalaashay mein ab desh mein sabase badee aabaadee magaramachchh hai. any sareesrpon mein naram khol vaale kachhue, staar kachhua, bhaarateey rok paayathan aur monitar chhipakalee shaamil hain (jo 1.5 meetar se adhik lambe hote hain; chhipakalee ko apane yaard mein rahane ke lie nahin dekhen.)

pakshee
gir gujaraat ke kisee bhee any paark kee tulana mein adhik prakaar ke pakshiyon ka ghar hai, phir bhee kisee tarah apane pakshee jeevan ke lie nahin jaana jaata hai. jabaki prajanan kaal mein kachchh mein pae jaane vaale aadhe miliyan phlemingo nahin ho sakate hain, gir 300 pakshiyon kee prajaatiyon mein se ek hai, jinamen se kaee ko saal bhar dekha ja sakata hai, jo maalaabaar seetee bajaate hue svarg se udaan bharane vaale tak pahunchate hain raaja giddh ko sarp eegal, pelikan se chitrit saaras. prakhyaat pakshee vigyaanee do. saleem alee ne kaha ki agar yahaan sher nahin hote, to gir pashchimee bhaarat ke sarvashreshth pakshee abhayaaranyon mein se ek ke roop mein jaana jaata hai.


FACTS ABOUT The Gir National Park

eshiyaee sher
19 veen shataabdee kee shuruaat tak, eshiyaee sher dakshin aur dakshin-pashchim eshiya ke ek vishaal kshetr mein ghoomate the, jahaan tak ​​poorv mein grees aur aadhunik baanglaadesh ke roop mein pashchim tha. jaisa ki maanavata is kshetr mein sahasraabdee ke lie raha hai, logon ne hajaaron varshon tak sheron ke saath sahavaas kiya, lekin pichhalee kuchh shataabdiyon mein, maanav aabaadee ka vikaas sheron ke nivaas sthaan kee keemat par hua hai. bangaal taigar aur eshiyaee cheeta kee tarah, sheron kee aabaadee mein ek naatakeey giraavat dekhee gaee kyonki unake ghaas ke maidaan aur ardh-van kshetron ke pasandeeda nivaas manushyon ke saath ug aae. bas aavaas kee kamee se pare, haalaanki, ek baar bandooken aa gaeen aur vyaapak ho gaeen, 1800-1860 se, gujaraat ke baahar shesh lagabhag sabhee sheron ka shikaar kiya gaya aur unhen maar daala gaya. gir ke jangal ke baahar bhaarat mein antim eshiyaee sher 1886 mein reeva mein maare gae the, aur gir ke baahar kee duniya ko dekhane vaala aakhiree jangalee sher 1941 mein eeraan mein tha.

1901 mein lord karjan ko joonaagadh aane ke dauraan sher ka shikaar karane kee peshakash kee gaee thee. yah dekhate hue ki ye eshiya mein ekamaatr sher the, unhonne asveekaar kar diya, aur kathit taur par joonaagadh ke navaab ko sujhaav diya ki sher kee aabaadee ko sanrakshit karane se behatar hoga ki isaka shikaar kiya jae. navaab ne bhaarat mein sambhavat: pahala sansthaagat vanyajeev sanrakshan ka prayaas shuroo kiya aur duniya mein jald se jald (haalaanki vibhinn maanav samaaj aise tareekon se kaam kar rahe hain jo pooree umr ke vanyajeevon ka sanrakshan karate hain), sabhee sheron ke shikaar par pooree tarah se pratibandh lagaate hain. 1913 mein janasankhya 20 se kam hone ke kaaran (kuchh vanyajeev visheshagyon dvaara atiranjit maana jaata hai, yah dekhate hue ki 1930 mein 200 sheron par pahalee aadhikaarik janaganana), sheron ne 2005 kee sabase haaliya janaganana mein ab sankhya 359 par palatavaar kiya hai. yah lagabhag pooree tarah se navaab ke sanrakshan prayaason aur 1955 mein bhaarat sarakaar dvaara svatantrata ke baad kee hatya par pratibandh ke kaaran hai.

yadyapi sheron ne ek chhotee svasth aabaadee ko banae rakha hai, unaka nivaas sthaan sikudata rahata hai, aur ve gambheer roop se sankatagrast prajaati bane hue hain. gir van kshetr, jo 1880 mein 3000 varg kimee mein phaila hua tha, 20 veen sadee ke madhy tak sirph 2500 varg kimee aur aaj keval 1400 varg kimee mein simat gaya. usamen se keval 258 varg kimee mein hee raashtreey udyaan bana hai. jabaki paark mein saphal sanrakshan kaaryakramon ke kaaran aabaadee badhee hai, paark ab gharon kee sankhya mein sheron ke lie bahut chhota hai, aur sher aage rahane kee jagah kee talaash mein baahar bhatak rahe hain, aksar any kshetron mein achchhee tarah se jeevit nahin hai.

sthaaneey roop se sher ya sinh kahalaata hai, eshiyaee sher dhaee meetar se adhik lamba hota hai, jisaka vajan 115 se 200 kilograam hota hai, aur saambhar, cheetal, neelagaay, aur chinkaara ka peechha karane ke lie 65 kimee / ghanta kee chhotee dooree tay kar sakata hai jo ki isake pasandeeda hain shikaar. haalaanki, jab bhookh nahin hotee hai, to yah kisee jaanavar par hamala nahin karega; ek sher ko maarane ke baad, yah 75 kilo tak maans par khud ko gher lega, aur phir kuchh dinon tak khaane kee chinta nahin karega, isalie charaee hiranon ke jhund ke paas shaanti se lipate hue sher ko dekhana asaamaany nahin hai . sher khule skrab aur parnapaatee van kshetron ko pasand karate hain, aur bahut hee bold hain, manushyon ke aasapaas sharmeelee nahin hain. isalie, bhale hee ve prasiddhi ya darapok lagate hon, unase sampark na karen, ve abhee bhee bahut shaktishaalee jangalee jaanavar hain.

manushy aur gir
gir ke saath manushy ka sambandh lamba aur mishrit hai. ek abhayaarany ka bahut astitv ek sanrakshit kshetr kee sakht jaroorat ke lie vaseeyatanaama hai, jise sabhyata ka tejee se vistaar diya gaya hai, jo pooree tarah se har jagah aur aasapaas (sinh par uparokt khand dekhen) par kabja kar liya hai. 1947 mein bhaarat kee aajaadee ke baad, tejee se dhakka. khaady svatantrata ne bahut jangalee ghaas ko krshi mein parivartit kar diya. isaka vaildalaiph par bada asar pada

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