Holy temple of pavagadh







https://travellindia24.blogspot.com/2019/02/holy-temple-of-pavagadh.html

Holy temple of pavagadh





duniya bhar mein praacheen kaal ke kaee mahaan shahar sadiyon se unakee sabhyata ke kendr the, keval yugon tak kho jaane ke lie, aur phir sadiyon ya sadiyon baad phir se khoja gaya, malabe aur khandaharon tak ghata, keval sabase badee sanrachanaen abhee bhee khadee hain, aur baakee maatr chhaaya. any shaharon mein vikaas aur parivartan jaaree raha, hajaar saal puraane kilon aur mandiron, madhyayugeen sadakon aur baajaaron ke udaar mishranon ke kaaran, sarakaaree imaaraton ne aupaniveshik shaktiyon aur aadhunik uchch-ugata, kaaryaalayon aur strip mol ke beech mein har jagah avyavastha paida kar dee. lekin duniya mein aisee bahut see jagahen nahin hain, jo raajy kee raajadhaanee hone ke lie madhyam mahatv ke ek chhote se sthaan se lagabhag pooree tarah se nirjan hone ke kaaran chalee gaeen aur lagabhag ek sadee mein jangal mein kho gaeen, aur aise haal ke itihaas mein (maatr 500) bahut saal pahale.)

champaaner aisee hee ek jagah hai. yahaan aap ek puraane mahal, kile, kaee masjiden pa sakate hain, lekin praacheen sadakon par bhee chal sakate hain, jaisa ki isake nivaasiyon ne paanch shataabdee pahale kiya tha. champaaner saikadon varshon ke lie ek aaut-oph-da-teerth sthal tha, gujaraat kee raajadhaanee ban gaya, aur phir jangal se aage nikalane ke lie chhod diya gaya. shahar mein tejee aaee aur aadhunik sheyar baajaar mein lagabhag utanee hee tejee se giraavat aaee, lekin peechhe kaheen adhik saundary avashesh rah gae. yah shahar hindoo aur jain mandiron ke saath ek hazaar saal puraana, gujaraat saltanat ke samay se masjidon, aur ek suniyojit raajadhaanee shahar ke poore kaamakaaj ke saakshy mein achchhee tarah se sanrakshit hai, abhee bhee sabooton mein, ann bhandaar aur kabristaan se . champaaner 2004 mein yoonesko kee vishv dharohar sthal bana.

prshthabhoomi
champaaner kee sthaapana 8 veen shataabdee mein chaavada saamraajy ke raaja vanaraaj chaavada ne kee thee. kuchh ne apane dost aur mantree champa ke baad shahar ka naam rakhane kee apanee ichchha ke lie "champaaner" naam rakha, jabaki any logon ka kahana hai ki yah paavaagadh kee aagney chattaanon se aata hai, jisaka halka peela rang laal rang ke saath champak ka roop deta hai, ya "lau" jangal ka ”phool. paavaagadh shahar aur aasapaas ka raajy maandoo aur gujaraat ke beech ek mahatvapoorn baphar kshetr ban gaya hai, saath hee yah vyaapaar maargon par ek pramukh steshan hai jo gujaraat se uttar aur dakshin bhaarat donon tak jaata hai. paavaagadh aur champaaner shahar par 1300 eesvee ke aasapaas chauhaan raajapooton ne kabja kar liya aur unhonne lagabhag agale do sau varshon tak is kshetr par shaasan kiya.




FACTS ABOUT Holy temple of pavagadh

yadyapi uparokt varnit saamarik kaaranon se gujaraat sultaan ke kaee logon ne paavaagadh par kabja karane ka prayaas kiya tha, yah mahamood begada tha, jisane 1484 mein bees maheene ke lie shahar kee gheraabandee kee. unhonne shahar ka naam badalakar muhammadaabaad rakha, shahar ko punarnirmit karane aur badhaane mein 23 saal bitae, aur apanee raajadhaanee ahamadaabaad se vahaan sthaanaantarit kee. champaaner ka samay raajadhaanee ke roop mein lamba nahin tha, haalaanki, 1535 mein mugal samraat humaayoon ne shahar ko jeet liya.

kyonki mugalon ne gujaraat aur maalava donon par kabja kar liya tha, shahar mein ab baphar ke roop mein koee rananeetik mooly nahin tha, aur raajadhaanee ahamadaabaad mein vaapas chalee gaee thee. agale chaar shataabdiyon ke lie, shahar giraavat mein tha. jabaki ek bindu par yah maraathon dvaara kabja kar liya gaya tha, ise kabhee bhee koee mahatv nahin diya gaya tha, aur is avadhi ke kuchh abhilekhon se sanket milata hai ki jab kuchh nivaasee bane hue the, to shahar ka adhikaansh bhaag aasapaas ke jangal se door ho gaya tha kyonki dashak aur shataabdiyaan beet gaee theen. is avadhi ke kuchh islaamik (aur ek purtagaalee) lekhakon se keval daraavane sandarbh maujood hain. hindoo teerthayaatree ab bhee mahaakaalee ko mandir mein praarthana karane ke lie pavaagadh pahaadee par chadhana jaaree rakhate hain, lekin pahaadiyon ke tal par barbaad shahar kee bahut kam soochana lee.

jab 19 veen shataabdee kee shuruaat mein angrejon ne is kshetr par niyantran kar liya tha, tab shahar lagabhag pooree tarah se jangal se door ho gaya tha, aur jyaadaatar riport keval 500 kee aabaadee kee or ishaara karatee theen. british sarvekshakon ne jangal mein kho gae bade smaarakon par dhyaan diya. unake nishkarshon ka varnan, aur baad mein, jarman puraatatvavid haraman goetj dvaara seemit kshetr ke adhyayan kie gae the. 1969 mein badauda ke mahaaraaja sayaajeeraav vishvavidyaalay dvaara 7 saal ka adhyayan kiya gaya, jisase shahar kee vrddhi aur pahachaan ke baare mein kaee jaanakaariyaan mileen.

choonki yah pahale ek rananeetik kendr tha, isalie vishesh roop se ooparee hisson ke paas bhaaree kilebandee hai, aur maidaanee ilaakon mein samaapt hone vaale kramik kilebandee ke maadhyam se vahaan se neeche kee or badhee. kile kee deevaaren das meetar oonchee tak pahunchatee hain, jisamen hathiyaaron ke lie niyamit antaraal par sthitiyaan hotee hain, jisase unhen oopar se nikaal diya jaata hai, saath hee sainikon ko neeche jaane ke lie. etak get ke paas kaee gulel staind hain; keval patthar ke takhte bane hue hain, lekin sait ke chaaron or pae jaane vaale patthar ke gole unake upayog ko kaitaplas ke roop mein ingit karate hain. pahaadee ke aadhaar par pramukh taunaship mein hisaar-e-khaas (shaahee mahal) aur saath hee jamee masjid bhee shaamil the. kendr mein jamee masjid ke saath ek sarkal mein vyavasthit, pramukh dhamaniyaan shahar ke nau pramukh phaatakon par bhaag gaeen, jinamen se kaee phaatakon ke paas banee masjidon ke saath, vyaapak roop se dikhaee dene ke lie ooncha ho gaya. shesh varsh ke lie maanasoon kee baarish ko sangraheet karane ke lie bade jalaashayon ka nirmaan mittee ke bartanon ke upayog se kiya gaya tha, taaki aane vaalee nadiyon ke praakrtik pravaah ko niyantrit kiya ja sake.

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